Category Archives: Studies

Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students — United States, 2011–2016

Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students — United States, 2011–2016

Ahmed Jamal, MBBS; Andrea Gentzke, PhD; S. Sean Hu, MD; Karen A. Cullen, PhD; Benjamin J. Apelberg, PhD; David M. Homa, PhD; Brian A. King, PhD Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Source DOI: mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6623a1.htm Commentary by Dr. Michael Siegel: New CDC Data Should Put to Rest the Contention that E-Cigarettes are a Gateway to Youth…

Have combustible cigarettes met their match? The nicotine delivery profiles and harmful constituent exposures of second-generation and third-generation electronic cigarette users

Have combustible cigarettes met their match? The nicotine delivery profiles and harmful constituent exposures of second-generation and third-generation electronic cigarette users

Theodore L Wagener, Evan L Floyd, Irina Stepanov, Leslie M Driskill, Summer G Frank, Ellen Meier, Eleanor L Leavens, Alayna P Tackett, Neil Molina, Lurdes Queimado Published in BMJ Journals Tobacco Control Source DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053041 ABSTRACT Introduction Electronic cigarettes’ (e-cigarettes) viability as a public health strategy to end smoking will likely be determined by their ability to mimic…

A Comparative Health Risk Assessment of Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarettes

A Comparative Health Risk Assessment of Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarettes

Jinsong Chen, Chris Bullen, and Kim Dirks Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 382 Source DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14040382 Abstract: Background: Although some studies have identified hazardous substances in electronic cigarette (EC) liquids and emissions, there is limited information about the health risks of using ECs. Methods: In this study, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)…

Nicotine, Carcinogen, and Toxin Exposure in Long-Term E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Users: A Cross-sectional Study

Nicotine, Carcinogen, and Toxin Exposure in Long-Term E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Users: A Cross-sectional Study

Cancer Research U.K. published one of the only long-term studies to date comparing vaping to smoking cigarettes Lion Shahab, PhD; Maciej L. Goniewicz, PhD; Benjamin C. Blount, PhD; Jamie Brown, PhD; Ann McNeill, PhD; K. Udeni Alwis, PhD; June Feng, PhD; Lanqing Wang, PhD; Robert West, PhD Published: Ann Intern Med. 2017;166(6):390-400. Source DOI: 10.7326/M16-1107 Abstract…

Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes

Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes

James F. Pankow , Kilsun Kim, Kevin J. McWhirter, Wentai Luo, Jorge O. Escobedo, Robert M. Strongin, Anna K. Duell, David H. Peyton PLoS ONE 12(3): e0173055. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173055 This study was reviewed by Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Greece, Department of Pharmacology, University of Patras, Greece: Study titled “Benzene formation in e-cigarettes” found that air…

Does the regulatory environment for e-cigarettes influence the effectiveness of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation?: Longitudinal findings from the ITC Four Country Survey.

Does the regulatory environment for e-cigarettes influence the effectiveness of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation?: Longitudinal findings from the ITC Four Country Survey.

Authors:  Yong HH, Hitchman SC, Cummings KM, Borland R, Gravely SM, McNeill A, Fong GT Source DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx056 Abstract Introduction: To date, no studies have explored how different regulatory environments may influence the effectiveness of ECs as a smoking cessation aid. Objective: This study compares the real-world effectiveness of adult smokers using ECs for quitting compared…

Daily users compared to less frequent users find vape as or more satisfying and less dangerous than cigarettes, and are likelier to use non-cig-alike vaping products

Daily users compared to less frequent users find vape as or more satisfying and less dangerous than cigarettes, and are likelier to use non-cig-alike vaping products

Authors: Lynn T. Kozlowski, D. Lynn Homish, Gregory G. Homish DOI: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.02.026 ScienceDirect University of Buffalo News Center also published an article on this study which included these points of significance: those study participants who vape daily reported e-cigarettes as “at least as satisfying” as cigarettes, and that 58 percent said vaping was “much more” satisfying. “The…

Adolescents and e-cigarettes: Objects of concern may appear larger than they are

Adolescents and e-cigarettes: Objects of concern may appear larger than they are

Lynn T. Kozlowski, Kenneth E. Warnerba Source DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.001 Introduction The debate about electronic cigarettes ranks as perhaps the most divisive in the history of tobacco control. Proponents believe that e-cigarettes could foster widespread abandonment of combusted tobacco products, by far the most dangerous form of tobacco use, and thereby dramatically reduce the disease and death caused by smoking (Abrams, 2014). Opponents fear these…