Category Archives: Studies

Have combustible cigarettes met their match? The nicotine delivery profiles and harmful constituent exposures of second-generation and third-generation electronic cigarette users

Have combustible cigarettes met their match? The nicotine delivery profiles and harmful constituent exposures of second-generation and third-generation electronic cigarette users

Theodore L Wagener, Evan L Floyd, Irina Stepanov, Leslie M Driskill, Summer G Frank, Ellen Meier, Eleanor L Leavens, Alayna P Tackett, Neil Molina, Lurdes Queimado Published in BMJ Journals Tobacco Control Source DOI: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053041 ABSTRACT Introduction Electronic cigarettes’ (e-cigarettes) viability as a public health strategy to end smoking will likely be determined by their ability to mimic…

A Comparative Health Risk Assessment of Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarettes

A Comparative Health Risk Assessment of Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarettes

Jinsong Chen, Chris Bullen, and Kim Dirks Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(4), 382 Source DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14040382 Abstract: Background: Although some studies have identified hazardous substances in electronic cigarette (EC) liquids and emissions, there is limited information about the health risks of using ECs. Methods: In this study, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)…

Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes

Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes

James F. Pankow , Kilsun Kim, Kevin J. McWhirter, Wentai Luo, Jorge O. Escobedo, Robert M. Strongin, Anna K. Duell, David H. Peyton PLoS ONE 12(3): e0173055. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173055 This study was reviewed by Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Greece, Department of Pharmacology, University of Patras, Greece: Study titled “Benzene formation in e-cigarettes” found that air…

Does the regulatory environment for e-cigarettes influence the effectiveness of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation?: Longitudinal findings from the ITC Four Country Survey.

Does the regulatory environment for e-cigarettes influence the effectiveness of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation?: Longitudinal findings from the ITC Four Country Survey.

Authors:  Yong HH, Hitchman SC, Cummings KM, Borland R, Gravely SM, McNeill A, Fong GT Source DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntx056 Abstract Introduction: To date, no studies have explored how different regulatory environments may influence the effectiveness of ECs as a smoking cessation aid. Objective: This study compares the real-world effectiveness of adult smokers using ECs for quitting compared…

Daily users compared to less frequent users find vape as or more satisfying and less dangerous than cigarettes, and are likelier to use non-cig-alike vaping products

Daily users compared to less frequent users find vape as or more satisfying and less dangerous than cigarettes, and are likelier to use non-cig-alike vaping products

Authors: Lynn T. Kozlowski, D. Lynn Homish, Gregory G. Homish DOI: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.02.026 ScienceDirect University of Buffalo News Center also published an article on this study which included these points of significance: those study participants who vape daily reported e-cigarettes as “at least as satisfying” as cigarettes, and that 58 percent said vaping was “much more” satisfying. “The…

Adolescents and e-cigarettes: Objects of concern may appear larger than they are

Adolescents and e-cigarettes: Objects of concern may appear larger than they are

Lynn T. Kozlowski, Kenneth E. Warnerba Source DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.001 Introduction The debate about electronic cigarettes ranks as perhaps the most divisive in the history of tobacco control. Proponents believe that e-cigarettes could foster widespread abandonment of combusted tobacco products, by far the most dangerous form of tobacco use, and thereby dramatically reduce the disease and death caused by smoking (Abrams, 2014). Opponents fear these…

Crosstalk between oral and general health status in e-smokers

Crosstalk between oral and general health status in e-smokers

Authors:  Marco Tatullo, PhD, Stefano Gentile, PhD Francesco Paduano, PhD, Luigi Santacroce, MD, and Massimo Marrelli, MD PMC, The US National Public Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health Source DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000005589 T0 is baseline (Day 0) T1 after 60 day T2 after 120 days Abstract Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) simulates the act of tobacco smoking by…

Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: analysis of a representative sample of 27 460 Europeans from 28 countries.

Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: analysis of a representative sample of 27 460 Europeans from 28 countries.

Farsalinos KE, Poulas K, Voudris V, Le Houezec J British Medical Journal (BMJ) Source:  Click Here Abstract AIMS: To assess prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, reported changes in smoking status due to e-cigarette use and correlates of e-cigarette use in the European Union (EU) member states in 2014. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of EU citizens…

Cohort study of electronic cigarette use: effectiveness and safety at 24 months

Cohort study of electronic cigarette use: effectiveness and safety at 24 months

Lamberto Manzoli, Maria Elena Flacco, Margherita Ferrante, Carlo La Vecchia, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi, Carolina Marzuillo, Paolo Villari, Maria Fiore the ISLESE Working Group British Medical Journal (BMJ) DOI Source:  10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052822 Abstract Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes, by comparing users of only e-cigarettes, smokers of only tobacco cigarettes and dual users.…